Ultimate Travel Guide to Peru: Tips for a Memorable Adventure

Welcome to Peru


Welcome travelers to Peru, a country of ancient ruins, vibrant cultures, and breathtaking landscapes. Mention the diversity from the Amazon basin, through the peaks of the Andes, to the surf waves of the Pacific coast.

Before You Go

Visa Requirements

For entering Peru, visa requirements vary depending on your nationality. Many travelers from countries such as the USA, Canada, most European countries, and several others do not need a visa for tourism purposes and can stay for up to 183 days. However, it’s crucial to verify specific requirements based on your nationality before traveling. For instance, citizens from New Zealand and South Africa also do not require a visa for entry into Peru for tourism. Check with your local Peruvian consulate for the most accurate and recent information.

Vaccinations and Health

Vaccinations are not required for entry. 

Avoid tap water and stay hydrated at high altitudes. Consider packing altitude sickness medication when planning to visit high-altitude areas like Cusco.

Packing List

Consider the diverse climates and activities you’ll encounter, from coastal regions and desert landscapes to high altitude areas in the Andes and the humidity of the Amazon Rainforest. Here’s a versatile packing list to cover most needs:

Essential Documents
– Passport (with visa if required)
– Personal ID
– Travel insurance details
– Emergency contacts and addresses
– Copies of all important documents (keep separate from originals)

– Lightweight, breathable clothing for hot and humid conditions
– Warm layers for cooler temperatures in the Andes (thermal underwear, fleece, jacket)
– Waterproof jacket or raincoat, especially if visiting during the rainy season (November to March)
– Sturdy walking or hiking shoes with good grip
– Sandals or flip-flops for coastal and lowland areas
– Hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen for protection against sun
– Swimsuit for beaches or hot springs
– Lightweight backpack or daypack for daily outings

Health and Toiletries
– Personal medications and prescriptions
– First-aid kit (include altitude sickness medication for visiting high altitudes, such as Cusco)
– Insect repellent (especially important in the Amazon region)
– Sunscreen (high SPF recommended)
– Hand sanitizer and wet wipes
– Basic toiletries (toothbrush, toothpaste, deodorant, etc.)
– Lip balm with SPF

Gadgets and Accessories
– Camera with extra batteries and memory cards
– Smartphone and charger
– Universal travel adapter
– Portable power bank
– Water bottle (preferably reusable to minimize plastic use)

– Snacks/energy bars for long hikes or bus rides
– Small padlock for securing luggage
– Earplugs and eye mask (for light sleepers)
– Binoculars (for wildlife watching in the Amazon or Andean regions)
– Spanish phrasebook or translation app

Layering is key: Weather can vary greatly depending on where you are in Peru and the time of year.
Respect local customs: In some rural areas, modest dressing is appreciated.
Prepare for altitude: Cusco and other high-altitude destinations can affect health; acclimatization and staying hydrated are important.
Sustainability: Consider packing items that reduce environmental impact, such as a water purifier to avoid buying bottled water.

Local Currency and Budgeting in Peru

Understanding Peru’s Currency:
The local currency in Peru is the Sol (plural: Soles), symbolized as S/. Before your trip, familiarize yourself with the current exchange rates to manage your budget effectively. Currency exchange services are available at airports, banks, and authorized exchange offices. It’s advisable to exchange a small amount at the airport for immediate needs and find better rates in the city.

ATMs and Credit Cards:
ATMs are widely available in major cities and tourist areas, offering a convenient way to withdraw Soles using international debit or credit cards. Keep in mind that fees may apply for international transactions. Credit cards are accepted in many hotels, restaurants, and shops, but it’s essential to have cash for small vendors, local markets, and remote areas.

Budgeting for Your Trip:
Accommodation: Costs vary widely, from budget hostels starting at around 20-50 Soles per night to luxury hotels at 250 Soles and upwards. Mid-range hotel prices are typically around 100-150 Soles per night.
Food: Street food and local markets offer meals for as little as 5-15 Soles. Mid-range restaurant meals can cost between 20-50 Soles, while dining at high-end restaurants may cost 60 Soles per person or more.
Transportation: Local bus fares are usually less than 5 Soles, while taxi rides within cities can range from 10 to 30 Soles, depending on the distance. Long-distance bus tickets vary by destination and service level, generally costing between 40 and 150 Soles.
Tours and Activities: Prices for guided tours and entry fees to attractions like Machu Picchu can vary significantly. Budget for major attractions and activities, with some tickets costing over 100 Soles.

Money-Saving Tips:
Use local transportation for short distances and book long-distance buses in advance for better rates.
Eat like a local by trying street food or eating at “menú” restaurants, where you can enjoy a set meal at a lower price.
Choose accommodations wisely by comparing prices and looking for deals or discounts online.
Plan and book major activities in advance to avoid inflated prices and ensure availability.

Safety and Practical Tips:
– Carry small denominations and be cautious when handling money in public.
– Inform your bank about your travel plans to avoid blocked transactions.
– Always count your change and verify transaction amounts before leaving the counter.

By understanding the local currency and planning your budget according to your travel style and needs, you can enjoy a fulfilling trip to Peru without breaking the bank.

Getting Around: Transportation Tips

Peru’s Main Transportation Methods:

  • Domestic Flights: Ideal for covering large distances quickly, such as Lima to Cusco. Major airlines operate regularly between key cities.
  • Long-Distance Buses: A cost-effective way to travel, offering services from basic to luxury. Reliable companies like Cruz del Sur and Oltursa connect major cities and tourist destinations.
  • Trains: Notably, PeruRail and Inca Rail serve the route to Machu Picchu, offering a scenic journey from Cusco or Ollantaytambo to Aguas Calientes.
  • Renting a Car: Best considered for adventurous travelers comfortable with navigating Peru’s varied terrain. It offers freedom to explore remote areas but is less recommended for city travel due to traffic and parking challenges.

Safety and Etiquette

Safety Advice:

  • Remain vigilant in crowded areas and tourist hotspots to avoid pickpocketing.
  • Use only registered taxis or reputable ride-sharing apps for safety.
  • Keep a close watch on your belongings, especially in busy markets, bus stations, and airports.

Cultural Etiquette:

  • Politeness is valued; greet with a handshake and use “Señor” or “Señora.”
  • Dress modestly, especially in rural areas and when visiting religious sites.
  • Respect local customs and traditions; seek permission before taking photos of people.

Must-See Attractions

Iconic Sights:

  • Machu Picchu: The ancient Incan city, accessible by train or the Inca Trail.
  • Sacred Valley: Known for its Incan ruins, traditional villages, and stunning landscapes.
  • Nazca Lines: Mysterious geoglyphs best seen from the air.
  • Amazon Rainforest: Explore the biodiversity of the world’s largest rainforest.

Hidden Gems:

  • Choquequirao: Similar to Machu Picchu but less crowded.
  • Huascarán National Park: Offers breathtaking Andean scenery and trekking opportunities.
  • Kuélap: Ancient fortress city of the Chachapoyas culture.

Culinary Guide

Peruvian Cuisine

  • Ceviche: Fresh fish marinated in citrus juices.
  • Lomo Saltado: Stir-fried beef mixed with vegetables and served with rice and fries.
  • Aji de Gallina: Shredded chicken in a spicy, creamy sauce.
  • Pisco Sour: The national cocktail made from Pisco, lime juice, and egg white.

Eating Out

  • Explore a range of dining from street food stalls to gourmet restaurants.
  • Try local markets for authentic and fresh ingredients.
  • Inquire about “menu del día” for a good value meal at lunchtime.

Sustainable Travel

Respecting the Environment:

  • Carry a reusable water bottle to minimize plastic usage.
  • Follow guidelines when visiting natural parks and protected areas to preserve the environment.

Supporting Local Communities:

  • Shop from local artisans and markets to support the local economy.
  • Choose locally owned accommodations and eateries.

Language Tips

Basic Phrases

  • Hola (Hello)
  • Por favor (Please)
  • Gracias (Thank you)
  • ¿Cuánto cuesta? (How much does it cost?)
  • ¿Dónde está el baño? (Where is the bathroom?)

Emergency Information

Emergency Contacts

  • Police: 105
  • Ambulance: 116
  • For the nearest embassy or consulate, check your government’s travel website.


Embark on your Peruvian adventure with respect and curiosity. Immerse yourself in the rich culture, explore the breathtaking landscapes, and connect with the warm-hearted locals. Your journey through Peru promises not just a trip but a truly transformative experience. Embrace it with an open heart, and let Peru leave an indelible mark on your soul.

Recommended Reading

From historical accounts and travel narratives to novels set in Peru, this selection aims to enrich your understanding and appreciation of this diverse country.


  1. “Turn Right at Machu Picchu: Rediscovering the Lost City One Step at a Time” by Mark Adams – Adams retraces the steps of Hiram Bingham III, the explorer who brought Machu Picchu to international attention. A blend of travelogue, history, and adventure.

  2. “The Last Days of the Incas” by Kim MacQuarrie – An engaging account of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire, offering insights into both Inca and Spanish perspectives.

  3. “The Conquest of the Incas” by John Hemming – A detailed and classic history of the Spanish conquest, focusing on the strategies, battles, and characters involved.

  4. “Death in the Andes” by Mario Vargas Llosa – A novel by Nobel laureate Mario Vargas Llosa, exploring themes of indigenous culture and political unrest in a story set against the Peruvian Andes.


  1. “Lost City Radio” by Daniel Alarcón – A novel set in an unnamed South American country that mirrors Peru, focusing on the aftermath of a long and brutal war, exploring themes of love, loss, and reconciliation.

  2. “Bel Canto” by Ann Patchett – While not set in Peru, this novel is inspired by the Japanese embassy hostage crisis in Lima, Peru, in 1996. It’s a lyrical exploration of relationships that form under duress, with music as a central theme.

Cultural & Historical Insight

  1. “The Peru Reader: History, Culture, Politics” edited by Orin Starn, Ivan Degregori, and Robin Kirk – A comprehensive collection of essays, folklore, historical documents, and literature that provides a multi-faceted view of Peruvian society.

  2. “Deep Rivers” by José María Arguedas – A novel that blends Quechua and Spanish language, offering a unique insight into the indigenous culture of Peru.

Travel & Adventure

  1. “Inca Kola: A Traveller’s Tale of Peru” by Matthew Parris – A British MP’s humorous and personal account of his travels through Peru, offering an outsider’s perspective on the country’s quirks and charms.

  2. “Eight Feet in the Andes: Travels with a Mule in Unknown Peru” by Dervla Murphy – The story of the author’s 1,300-mile journey across Peru with her nine-year-old daughter and a mule, highlighting the challenges and beauty of the Andean landscape.

These books offer a variety of perspectives on Peru, from historical to modern, and from the eyes of both locals and visitors. They provide a deeper understanding of the country’s complex history, rich culture, and breathtaking geography, making them essential reads for anyone interested in exploring Peru beyond the surface.



Author, Esoteric Researcher, Expedition Tour Leader & Founder
I am happy to answer any questions that you may have about this Adept Expedition. Please either use the form below or email me directly: Anyextee@AdeptExpeditions.com

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